Tone 2 pronounced as Tone 3 in monosyllabic words

  • The native speaker's tone contour exhibits dramatic rising trend from the 4th (40% of the whole contour) timepoint. Pitch range of the tone contour is large (170-290Hz).
  • The learners' tone contour show falling trend from the 1st to the 5th timepoint, and then rises from the 5th to the 11th timepoint. The tone contours have dipping points in the middle, similar to Tone 3. Pitch range is smaller then the native speaker's (160-230Hz).

Suggestions for teachers:

  • remind students to avoid pitch falling in the middle of Tone 2 pronunciation
  • remind students to achieve higher pitch at the end of Tone 2 pronunciation

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